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Saxony 1945-1990

Post-War Years & GDR

In July 1945, Saxony becomes part of the Soviet-occupied area and is given a new constitution. After the foundation of the German Democratic Republic, the individual states are dissolved. Saxony is divided between the districts of Dresden, Leipzig and Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt. The Popular Revolt of June 17, 1953 is bloodily suppressed in Saxony as elsewhere. The Peaceful Revolution of 1989 starts in Saxony. The Monday Demonstrations against the SED (Socialist Unity Party) government spread from Leipzig, Plauen and Dresden to the entire GDR,and contribute decisively to the fall of the SED regime.

 

July 3, 1945 Saxony becomes part of the Soviet-occupied zone (SBZ)

July 9, 1945 Establishment of a state administration under Rudolf Friedrichs (initially SPD, from 1946 SED)

October 20, 1946 Landtag elections: SED 59 seats, LDPD 30 seats, CDUD 28 seats, Bauernhilfe 2 seats, Kulturbund 1 seat

February 28, 1947 Approval of the new constitution for Saxony in the Landtag

October 7, 1949 Saxony becomes a state of the newly founded German Democratic Republic (GDR).

July 23, 1952 Dissolution of the GDR states as part of an administrative reform. Saxony is divided between the districts Dresden, Leipzig and Chemnitz (1953-90: Karl-Marx-Stadt).

June 17, 1953 Görlitz and Niesky are centres of the popular revolt, which here as elsewhere is brutally suppressed.

1989 Monday Demonstrations against the SED government spread from Leipzig, Plauen and Dresden to the entire GDR. The Peaceful Revolution finally ends the rule of the SED.

March 18, 1990 The first free People's Assembly (Volkskammer) in the GDR is elected. The winners are the »Alliance for Germany« (Allianz für Deutschland), an electoral alliance consisting of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU-East), German Social Union (DSU) and Democratic Departure (DA).

July 1, 1990 The currency, economy and social union between the FRG and the GDR comes into effect.

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